A collective agreement is a written contract between an employer and a union representing workers. The KBA is the result of a broad negotiation process between the parties on issues such as wages, hours and terms of employment. In 24 states, workers working in a unionized company may be required to participate in representation fees (for example. B for disciplinary hearings) if their colleagues negotiated a union security clause in their contract with management. The fee is usually 1 to 2% of the salary. However, union members and other employees receive on average a wage increase of 5 to 10% compared to their non-unionized (or unsured) colleagues.  Some states, particularly in the southern parts of the central and southeastern United States, have banned union security clauses; This can be controversial because it allows some net beneficiaries of the union contract to avoid paying their share of the cost of contract negotiations. Regardless of the state, the Supreme Court ruled that the law prevented a person`s trade union rights from being used without consent to fund political concerns that might conflict with the individual`s personal policy. Instead, in states where union security clauses are permitted, these deviants can only pay the share of levies paid directly to the representation of workers.  The Swedish Association of Industrialists is bound by thirteen collective agreements. Seven of them are employment contracts.
The Industrial Workers` Union Metall is the opponent in five agreements, Pappers (The Swedish Paper Workers Union), GS (Swedish Union of Forestry Workers, Wood and Graphic Designers) in one and SEKO (Union of Service and Communication Employees) in two. The Swedish Association of Industrialists is also bound by four collective agreements for employees. The counterparties to this agreement are the employee unions Ledarna (the Swedish organisation for managers), Unionen and Sveriges Ingenjurer (Swedish Federation of Graduate Engineers). In addition, the Swedish Association of Industrial Employers` Organisations is bound by a collective agreement that includes both blue-collar and white-collar counterparties that exist in the same agreement with Pappers (The Swedish Paper Workers Union) as a worker`s equivalent.