Hong Kong Beijing Agreement

The Joint Declaration of the Salts and the British consists of eight paragraphs, three annexes on basic policy for Hong Kong, the Sino-British Joint Liaison Group and the Land Leases, as well as the two memorandums of both parties. Each party has the same status and “the whole forms a formal international agreement, legally binding in all its elements. Such an international agreement is the highest form of engagement between two sovereign states. [10] As part of these declarations, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is under the control of the central government of the People`s Republic of China and enjoys a high degree of autonomy, with the exception of foreign affairs and defence. It is authorized to have executive, legislative and independent powers, including final decision-making power. The Basic Law specifies that in addition to Chinese, English can also be used in government bodies and that in addition to the national flag and the national emblem of the PRC, the HKSAR can use its own regional flag and logo. It aims to maintain the capitalist economic and commercial systems previously practiced in Hong Kong. The third paragraph lists the basic policy of the People`s Republic of China with regard to Hong Kong: the relationship between Hong Kong and mainland China is much more complex than most people recognize. It is about politics, economics, trade, laws and, above all, people. The So-called “Hong Kongers,” who have sanitized for years under the influence and ways of the former British leader, are cautious with China`s intentions and are outraged at the continent`s interference in its political affairs.

Faced with increased openness by the government of the People`s Republic of China and economic reforms on the continent, Margaret Thatcher, then British Prime Minister, sought the agreement of the People`s Republic of China on the continuation of the British presence on the territory. [12] The comprehensive joint declaration between the Saline and Great Britain is not created by a mechanism approved by both parties to ensure compliance. Although registered with the United Nations, the Agreement did not contain any oversight mechanisms by the United Nations. Therefore, only the signatories of the declaration have the right to address any violations of the conditions. When negotiations between Britain and China on Hong Kong`s political future began in 1982, the British government`s initial proposal was to retain an administrative role in the region after 1997. Such a position outraged the nationalist sensibilities of the Chinese government and its categorical rejection caused great consternation within the territory in the face of possible unilateral measures taken by the Chinese. However, in a series of tense negotiations, the British accepted the Chinese position and, in September 1984, a sovereignty transfer agreement was signed in the form of a joint declaration. According to the statement, China should develop a fundamental law that embodies some fundamental policies. On 1 July 1997, Hong Kong was to become a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People`s Republic of China, with a government composed of “local residents”. The RAD would have “a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign affairs and defence,” and its “current social and economic systems” and “lifestyles,” including civil liberties, would be the same as they are today. The SAR would retain its status as a free port, customs territory and separate monetary system and an autonomous economic relationship with other countries and with international organizations.

These rules are expected to remain unchanged for fifty years. (15) The high-profile efforts of the British government in Hong Kong to increase democratic participation in the territory`s government therefore appear to have been insufficient, too late. Negotiations with China on the transfer of sovereignty began at a time when unofficial representation at Legco was only symbolic and was limited to selected elites.

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